The origin of the word ‘condom’ is still unknown. Folklore attributes the invention to Dr. Condom or Conton, who was at the court of King Charles II in the 1600′s. It is more likely, however, that the name derives from the Latin ‘condus’, meaning receptacle. The condom is one of the oldest forms of contraception.
1000 BC (antes de cristo)
Condom use can be traced back several thousand years. It is known that around 1000 BC the ancient Egyptians used a linen sheath for protection against disease.
100 – 200 AD (Después de cristo)
The earliest evidence of condom use in Europe comes from scenes in cave paintings at Combarelles in France. There is also some evidence that some form of condom was used in imperial Rome.
The syphilis epidemic that spread across Europe gave rise to the first published account of the condom. Gabrielle Fallopius described a sheath of linen he claimed to have invented to protect men against syphilis. Having been found useful for prevention of infection, it was only later that the usefulness of the condom for the prevention of pregnancy was recognized.
The use of condoms was affected by technological, economic and social development in Europe and the US in 1800s. Condom manufacturing was revolutionized by the discovery of rubber vulcanization by Goodyear (founder of the tire company) and Hancock. This meant that is was possible to mass produce rubber goods including condoms quickly and cheaply. Vulcanization is a process, which turns the rubber into a strong elastic material.
In 1861,the first advertisement for condoms was published in an American newspaper when The New York Times printed an ad. for ‘Dr. Power’s French Preventatives’.In 1873, the Comstock Law was passed. Named after Anthony Comstock, the Comstock Law made illegal the advertising of any sort of birth control, and it also allowed the postal service to confiscate condoms sold through the mail.
In 1919, Frederick Killian initiated hand-dipping from natural rubber latex in Ohio. The latex condoms had the advantage of aging less quickly and being thinner and odorless. These new type of condoms enjoyed a great expansion of sales. By the mid-1930s, the fifteen largest makers in the U.S. were producing 1.5 million condoms a day.
In 1957, the very first lubricated condom was launched in the UK by Durex.
From the early 1960s, use of condoms as a contraceptive device declined as the pill, the coil and sterilization became more popular.
The use of the condom increased strikingly in many countries following the recognition of HIV/AIDS in the 1980′s. Condoms also became available in pubs, bars, grocery stores and supermarkets.
In 1994, the world’s first polyurethane condom for men was launched in the US.
The 1990s also saw the introduction of coloured and flavoured condoms.
In more recent years, improved technology has enabled the thickness of the condom to decrease. Also, condom manufacturers have recognized that one type of of condom does not please everyone. You can now find condoms that have different shapes, flavors, ribbed, studded, bigger, smaller, more lubricant, etc…